Food Utilization

Food utilization is one of the three dimensions of food security.  It is defined as the ability of the human body to ingest and metabolize food through adequate diet, clean water, good sanitation and health care to reach a state of nutritional well-being where all physiological needs are met.

In this dimension, it is essential to know if the food available in a given period of time had been accessed and well utilized.  A household makes decisions on what food to consume and how to allocate food within the household.  Appropriate food intake is vital for nutritional status of the populace.  Thus, there is the need to come up with indicators that will show the picture of the country’s nutritional status and the impact of adequate food intake on food security.  These indicators are then translated into a composite food utilization index that will support monitoring and evaluation of programs and policies on food security.

3. Food Utilization
3.1. Key Indicators
3.1.1. Dietary Nutrients (Energy) Consumed as Proportion to RENI
3.2. Support Indicators