Food Security Index (FSI), Dimensions of Food Security, Internal and External Factors

Category » Situation and Outlook • Reference period » 2013 • Posted on 12:15:45 AM, Thursday, January 30th, 2014
Situation and Outlook

Food Security Index (FSI) aggregates various indicators representing various facets of food security. It also measures stability of the dimensions of food security such as availability, accessibility and utilization. This report describes current trend and medium term expectations on overall food security situation.


  • Food security situation was generally favorable over the years except for the slight downturns in the early 90’s.
  • The 1991-1992 and 1994 downtrends were attributed to the decrease in the share of agriculture budget to total budget.
  • Food security situation improved from 1995 onwards. Availability of major food items from 1995 to 2010 contributed positively to this upward direction. From 2011 to 2013, food security was also affected positively by other factors such as share of poverty alleviation budget and share of agriculture budget to total budget and food utilization in terms of dietary energy supply (DES).
  • While the 2013 food security situation had greatly improved compared to the 1990 level, there was a slight decline relative to 2012.


  • The declining pattern of availability of major food items in the next three years (especially rice stocks) may threaten food security condition in 2014.
  • This is, however, expected to recover in 2015 to 2016 as a result of a higher share of poverty alleviation and agriculture budget to total budget, and improved food utilization in terms of dietary energy supply (DES).
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Describes the current trend, medium-term expectations on food security

Division Chief
Crops Statistics Division (CSD) - BAS;