Author: Madelline Romero
Any views expressed in this article are those of the author and not of Philippine Statistics Authority.
In thirty years, the Philippines may become even more dependent on imports of rice, coffee, vegetables, and pork. This is due in part to decreased crop yields because of increased water and heat stress, increased incidence of pests and diseases, and shifts in crop production suitability, as a result of climate change. Not only that – by 2050 climate change and variability is estimated to cost the Philippine economy approximately PhP 26 billion (>USD 500 million) yearly.
These are examples of the likely impacts of climate change detailed in the climate-smart agriculture (CSA) country profile, published recently by the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) for the Philippine Department of Agriculture.
The profile provides an overview of the likely impacts of climate change on agriculture in the country, and its capacity to respond, as well as detailing existing climate-smart practices. By giving baseline information that could inform planning for future climate change adaptation and mitigation action, the profile supports the Department of Agriculture’s Adaptation and Mitigation Initiative in Agriculture (AMIA) program.
“A lot of information on climate-smart agriculture practices is already out there.” says Godefroy Grosjean, leader of CIAT’s Climate Policy Hub. “The difficulty is to know what to do where, and this is because challenges in agriculture require very context- and site-specific responses, even within countries. What we try to do is help generate and consolidate all this evidence to support sound decision making by governments.”