There are many factors that could affect food security. These can be grouped into economic conditions, environmental conditions, demographic conditions, political conditions, and risks, hazards and shocks. With the vast amount of data attributed to each dimension, there is a need to simplify the analysis.
Data are organized into key and support indicators to best describe each condition and dimension. These key and support indicators are transformed into an index or indices. The indices representing the conditions are then correlated to the indices of the three dimensions of food security. This is done to come up with a coefficient that will best describe the effect of each condition to a food security dimension. Likewise, each dimension of food security will be correlated to each other to determine their relationship. Finally, the indices representing the three dimensions will be transformed to come up with one food security index (FSI). The FSI will provide a picture of the food security situation in the country.